CONCOURS D’ENTRÉE A L’INSTITUT DES RELATIONS INTERNATIONALES DU CAMEROUN -IRIC-
Session du 29 avril 2008
FILIERE : DIPLOMATIE / SECTION: DIPLOMACY
EPREUVE D’ANGLAIS POUR CANDIDATS FRANCOPHONE
COMPETITIVE ENTRANCE EXAMINATION
April 29 ,2008
DURATION: 02 HOURS
I: Comprehension (10 marks)
Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow it.
WA ARE IN A STATE
To travel from Kenya to Mali one has to apply for a visa at the French consulate in Kenya. Conversely, to travel from Senegal to Kenya the visa has to be issued through the British embassy in Senegal. This perfect metaphor of Africa in today’s age of globalization.
Yes, have come a long way. We have red carpets, state houses and countries we can call our own. But still the relationships among individual African countries are mediated by the West, as is the relationship between the world and Africa as a whole.
To participate in the global economy and access the “free” market, African nations have in pay exorbitant fees in the form of cheap labour, raw materials and high consumption. But the competition promised by global capitalism only applies to rich and powerful countries. African readers also have to make commitments pro-Western standards of democracy measured by good governance, accountability and transparency – standards that Western countries themselves do not meet.
In order to subvert new forms of exploitation built on those of old, we have to re-examine how national and international politics have shifted in the last half century. Crucially, the relationship of the Western state to capitalism has flipped. From the of slavery to colonialism the accumulation of capital was undertaken for the state. Capitalism was seen as serving the nation. Today the Western state serves global capitalism. For example, the involvement of the United States in Iraq has not been to protect freedom but rather to feed the military – industrial complex and American corporations. So where does Africa fit into all this?
MUKOMA WA NGUGI
BBC Focus on Africa, April-June 2008.
- What problem does the author raise through the acquisition of visa at the French consulate in Kenya while travelling to Mali and the fact of getting the visa to Kenya at the British embassy in Senegal? (2 marks)
- “We have come a long Way” What does that Expression call to mind? (3 marks)
- How does interdependence determine the relationships between African countries and the West? (3 marks)
- Do you think after reading this passage that African countries could possibly challenge western ones or become equal partners? Justify your opinion. (2 marks)
II: Translation (5 marks)
Translate into french the last paragraph of the passage.
III: Write the following sentences down and underline the most appropriate word (5 marks)
- When you identify articles most suitable for your needs, please (finish – write – complete – read) the form at the back of the catalogue.
- The conference itself will take (interest – place – part – space) at University.
- We do hope you will be able to come to the second computer workshop this ( approaching – coming – nearing – future) Saturday afternoon.
- How can we convince the public ( relations – area – division – sector – part) that wages and inflation are completely delinked ?
a) Put the correct form and tense of ” make, do, have, take” into the following expressions ( 2,5 marks)
- Her English is good now; she _____ a lot of progress.
- He’s _____ research in physics at Rome University.
- I _____ steak but Paul just _____ a cup of tea.
- She’s not very good at _____ decisions.
b) Correct the mistakes in these sentences ( 5 marks)
- I want that he leaves.
- She suggested us to go to an Italian restaurant
- Can we discuss about my report?
- I apologized my mistake.
- They insisted to pay.
c) Join the two sentences (2,5 marks)
- He spent most of his time Studying. He might later get a better job.
- He is over eighty. He is still very active.
- He tried very hard. He couldn’t succeed.
V: Essay (10 marks)
Write an essay on one of the following topics:
a) Technology has eliminated the need for much traditional diplomatic formalism. Discuss.
b) Globalization and internationalization.
c) The media play a crucial role in international relations”. Use your readings experience to substantiate your opinion.